Film Session: The Hoosiers against the 1-3-1

One of the main storylines to emerge from Indiana’s victory over the Wildcats on Sunday was its handling of Northwestern’s 1-3-1 defense it sprung on the Hoosiers midway through the second half.

Indiana had its issues with it on some possessions. And with the Wildcats hitting on the other end, it allowed them to make things interesting. But there was also enough success from the Hoosiers against it that they kept the lead and won the game.

A look at Indiana’s successes and failures in the latest edition of Film Session:

I. THE TURNOVER

This is the second possession the Wildcats go to the 1-3-1. We see Christian Watford being double-teamed as Yogi Ferrell calls for the ball:

yogi1

Ferrell receives the ball and is way out beyond the arc:

yogi2

As the trap comes his way, he has a few options: 1) Jordan Hulls on the opposite side of the court 2) Watford in the middle 3) Will Sheehey down in the right corner:

yogi3

He comes to the middle and throw a pass to Sheehey:

yogi4

But the Wildcats are able to close out, and Sheehey passes it back up top:

yogi5

Ferrell fakes a pass to Hulls:

yogi6

But he continues to look his way, and telegraphs a pass to Hulls which is intercepted by Jared Swopshire:

yogi7

He takes it the length of the court and dunks it home:

yogi8

Video:

II. THE BAILOUT

Hulls is trapped up top:

hulls1

Hulls finds Sheehey on the left wing:

hulls2

Sheehey dribbles all the way down to the left block before he turns around and passes back out to Hulls:

hulls3

Hulls comes through the middle and finds Oladipo on the right wing:

hulls4

It finds its way back to Hulls and he passes it over the top back to Oladipo:

hulls5

Oladipo passes over to Zeller on the left wing. His return pass is kicked out of bounds, resetting the shot clock from :07 to :15.

hulls6

But with even more time to try and get a good look, Indiana does little with it. Zeller holds the ball up top for several seconds:

hulls7

He eventually dribbles in and finds Oladipo on the right wing:

hulls8

Oladipo passes it up top to Hulls, who curls around:

hulls9

And gets off a deep runner as the shot clock expires:

hulls10

But Zeller is here to the rescue, getting one of his tip-ins on the afternoon and bailing out the Hoosiers after they had 42 seconds expire on them in the halfcourt void of a quality look:

hulls11

Video:

III. VICTOR’S 3

Oladipo flies up the court and nearly gets ball stolen; it instead heads out of bounds:

vic1

On the reset, Oladipo finds Sheehey in the left corner:

vic2

He gets it back:

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And then it’s back to Sheehey once more with Reggie Hearn in-between Oladipo and Hulls:

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Sheehey makes a move and comes into the middle. Hearn decides to come down to the free throw line with both Zeller and Sheehey close. So with both the side and top of the zone collapsed into the middle, this leaves Oladipo open beyond the arc:

vic5

He steps in and hits:

vic6

The way Indiana was looking to beat the 1-3-1 was getting into the middle and using the baselines. Sheehey’s ability to get into the middle here and attract enough of the defense away from the Oladipo allowed for a wide open look.

Video:

IV. ZELLER TO THE LINE

Hulls passes over the top to Oladipo:

zeller1

Oladipo swings it around to Sheehey, who sees an open Zeller:

zeller2

But Sheehey instead zips it to Watford, who has found open space in the middle:

zeller3

Watford craftily fakes a shot, gets Alex Olah to commit, goes airborne and passes it to Zeller:

zeller4

Who draws contact and scores two points at the line:

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This was Indiana’s most efficient possession against the 1-3-1: a quick middle, baseline, points.

Video:

  • http://twitter.com/tbeindit Thomas Beindit

    Good breakdown. It’s going to be interesting to see if other teams can use this scheme to disrupt Indiana later in the season now that they’ve seen it and found some ways to try to attack it. I know Michigan busts it out once in awhile and they may be looking to use it against Indiana if Northwestern had some success with it.

  • Evansville Hoosier

    I think I read that IU still scored 1.15 points per possession against the 1-3-1? Not sure if that’s accurate, but either way we are better than that. A team that is as good of passers as this one has been touted to be needs to be able to break down a zone. Zeller is one of the best passing big men in the country, right? Get him on the baseline in the triple threat, I guarantee they leave the zone in 5 possessions… 2-3? Do the same, but put Watford or Zeller at the high post. We can pass. We can shoot. Just need to execute.

  • Billy

    Ryan, add some insight as to what they did wrong and what can they do to beat the zone. This was just a play by play of what I already saw.

  • Billy

    Ryan, add some insight as to what they did wrong and what can they do to beat the zone. This was just a play by play of what I already saw.

  • Benhyoung14

    There are a couple of instances where Zeller was open down low. A pump fake, with a short drive and pass to Zeller would make for an easy bucket. As frustrating as it was, I bet this helps IU a lot in the future. The fact of the matter is that IU is extremely talented, and will see a lot of zone.

  • http://twitter.com/IUinNap Caleb Moore

    I have been a little surprised at how long it takes IU to figure out a defense when a new one is thrown at them. Two things kill EVERY defense. Passing and screening. Northwestern went to the 1-3-1 and we just stopped screening completely. That allowed them to trap at their convenience and then you lose the ability to pass the ball. When a team goes zone you have to keep moving on offense. If you are Zeller or playing the 4, your guy is not covering you anyway, he’s just trying to trap. So you have to come up and screen guys off and/or give the ball handler a lane to get you the ball. Once you break that trap the defense is running all over the place trying to cover because they are out of position. Make 3 quick passes and you should have a wide open shot. Our guys were just standing around looking at the ball handler allowing NW to trap on the sidelines. If he couldnt break through the trap on his own, it was a Turnover. You have to screen guys off and make quick passes in the zone and you will have wide open looks.

  • http://twitter.com/IUinNap Caleb Moore

    I have been a little surprised at how long it takes IU to figure out a defense when a new one is thrown at them. Two things kill EVERY defense. Passing and screening. Northwestern went to the 1-3-1 and we just stopped screening completely. That allowed them to trap at their convenience and then you lose the ability to pass the ball. When a team goes zone you have to keep moving on offense. If you are Zeller or playing the 4, your guy is not covering you anyway, he’s just trying to trap. So you have to come up and screen guys off and/or give the ball handler a lane to get you the ball. Once you break that trap the defense is running all over the place trying to cover because they are out of position. Make 3 quick passes and you should have a wide open shot. Our guys were just standing around looking at the ball handler allowing NW to trap on the sidelines. If he couldnt break through the trap on his own, it was a Turnover. You have to screen guys off and make quick passes in the zone and you will have wide open looks.

  • JerryCT

    NW should have had a huge problem which you can see from still picture #3 . As you see their set requires Sobelewski to defend the post with help from the wings. In this case he has to defend both COdy & Sheehey. Against NW this low post action along the baseline was available all the time if we only were spaced right and recognized where we needed to go w the ball.

    Traditional wisdom is for us to run a 2-1-2 to overload the guy running side to side defending the baseline. I would take a COdy vs SObelewski, Hearn, Swopshire matchup any day

  • JerryCT

    In the same picture #3 you see Swopshire’s dilemna ……………… defend Hulls on the 3 pt line leaving Cody open or drop down to help on Cody leaving Hulls open Two very bad options for NW

  • marcusgresham

    If I have Will Sheehey down in the corner and Cody Zeller on the block and the only defender on the back line is Sobelewski, Cody’s going to set a solid screen and Will is going to catch the ball somewhere around a foot beside and a foot above the rim which he will forcefully place through the rim before he makes his descent back to earth.

  • CreamandCrimson

    IU scored 1.15 points per possession against the 1-3-1 and 1.18 points per possession against the man-to-man. Bottom line, our offense wasn’t very good against any defense Northwestern played on Sunday. Thankfully (and this is something the “Tom Crean can’t coach” crowd conveniently ignores), our defense was very good for much of the game and we only turned the ball over six times.

  • NotTheRealSteveEyl

    Will somebody order this and have it sent to Crean, please? http://www.basketballstore-coachesclipboard.net/bd-02497-tom-izzo-the-1-3-1-zone-offense.html

    That’s a joke, before I get smakcked down for being a hater. I was actually reading some stuff about how to beat the 1-3-1 (http://www.coachesclipboard.net/131zoneoffense.html), and thought that was funny. Also, I expect they have worked on zone offenses a bit this week.

    That was weird on the kick how the shot clock got reset to 0:15. Didn;t realize that was the rule.

  • MillaRed

    No offense, but I would have been fine to never see that disaster again in this lifetime.

    Guys, I keep seeing the statistics flashing everywhere, but it’s quite simple, before the 1-3-1 we were in complete control of the game. During, they came back. We can polish it up all we want but it was the major factor in the game and we looked terrible executing against it.

  • CutterInChicago

    While we are at it… http://www.coachesclipboard.net/PickandRollOffense.html
    I was at the game and even when they cut it to 5, I wasn’t worried that we’d lose, I was more annoyed that we had no answer for the 1-3-1. Annoying I tell you…

  • Ole Man

    They need to stop dribbling against zones. Pass the ball.
    They were passing early in the season and look how that worked.
    Recently they’ve gone back to “I’ve got to make a play”.
    It shows.

  • Kevin Tolliver

    Exactly! Standing around and lack of passing is killing us. We started off the year with great ball movement. Everyone was talking how unselfish IU was. Now were back to the classic stagnant dribble drive and stare. IU should be whipping that ball around and reversing the ball all day we have a weapon at every spot use it, dont limit the game to one individual with the ball.

  • Kevin Tolliver

    Exactly! Standing around and lack of passing is killing us. We started off the year with great ball movement. Everyone was talking how unselfish IU was. Now were back to the classic stagnant dribble drive and stare. IU should be whipping that ball around and reversing the ball all day we have a weapon at every spot use it, dont limit the game to one individual with the ball.

  • Jamal shall inherit

    I posted the 1.15 number on another thread, but I counted wrong. I thought the Yogi turnover that led to the dunk was the first possession in the zone. If it was the second, then IU actually scored 17 points in 14 zone possessions–1.21 ppp, which is actually more efficient than they played against the man-to-man.

    Another offensive stat is that IU scored 1.24 ppp against Northwestern for the game. That’s the second best average scored against Northwestern all season, behind only Michigan.

  • Jamal shall inherit

    I posted the 1.15 number on another thread, but I counted wrong. I thought the Yogi turnover that led to the dunk was the first possession in the zone. If it was the second, then IU actually scored 17 points in 14 zone possessions–1.21 ppp, which is actually more efficient than they played against the man-to-man.

    Another offensive stat is that IU scored 1.24 ppp against Northwestern for the game. That’s the second best average scored against Northwestern all season, behind only Michigan.

  • SCHoosier

    The exact purpose. of a zone is to make good offenses passive. For a good while in the second half, NW achieved that with their 1-3-1

  • Kevin Tolliver

    I would say we were stifled before the 1-3-1 and the Wisconsin game in its entirety. But again I believe its because of a lack of passing and screening. TOO much dribbling.

  • Kevin Tolliver

    I would say we were stifled before the 1-3-1 and the Wisconsin game in its entirety. But again I believe its because of a lack of passing and screening. TOO much dribbling.

  • http://www.facebook.com/doug.wilson.9404 Doug Wilson

    Super Coach, I agree. Video two, Big Z has the ball at the top of the key, Zeller drives and the 1-3-1 retreets back to the post. I would have liked Cody to shove a three down their throats at that point. Nothing to loose less then 10 secs on the shot clock. Your thoughts Milla?

  • IUMIKE1

    Preach on brother Gresham, you’re preaching to the choir, but that ‘s OK, preach on, preach on I say.

  • IUMIKE1

    Preach on brother Gresham, you’re preaching to the choir, but that ‘s OK, preach on, preach on I say.

  • MillaRed

    I would be more than happy if Cody would start launching the 12 footers he is capable of and if Yogi could knock down a shot consistently.

    Add those two things to what we have and we are the #1 team in the country IMO. (with a little more help from our bench)

  • BallandCheney

    This is middle school basketball. Take a look at the very first picture and tell me what you see there. If Watford gets his head out of his arse and gets the ball to Cody (wide open) cutting at the free throw it would force #11 to help on CZ and leave Sheehey wide open for an easy layup. Our guards have to realize that they can’t beat a zone with their dribbles and that the best way to beat a zone is to pass to the middle and force defenders to make difficult decisions on each possession. Now, if they continually make the right decisions on defense then there is nothing that you can do. At this point in the season, any coach that doesn’t implement a zone against IU hasn’t watched any film this year. One more thing that really disturbs me, CZ says it’s hard to practice against their zone and that they play it really well… does anyone truly believe that after looking at these clips?

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